The Gray Zone. Crimea: Four Years of Occupation

"The Gray Zone". Crimea: Four Years of Occupation is the annual report known as "The Occupied Crimea under the Sanctions and Blockade in 2014-2018") published by Maidan of Foreign Affairs Charitable Foundation, the BlackSeaNews internet portal and the Black Sea Institute of Strategic Studies.

Authors: 

Tetyana Guchakova (Yalta-Kyiv), Andrii Klymenko (Yalta-Kyiv), Olha Korbut (Kyiv), Yurii Smelyanski (Yalta-Kyiv)

Contents

  1. The Crimea Maritime Sanctions: Summary for 2018 and the Five Years of Occupation 9   9
  The Maritime Transport in Crimea  

9

  The Crimea Maritime Sanctions: A Brief History   9
  The 2018 Traits in Crimea   11
  How We Conduct Monitoring   12
  The 2014-2018 Crimean Maritime Black List Statistics   13
  Sanctions and Flags   13
  Flag Hunting   14
  Voyages to Crimea with a Purposely Disabled AIS transmitter   18
  Maritime Sanctions and Shipowners   20
  Turkish Maritime Business Losses in Crimea   22
  Maritime Exports to and from Crimea   23
  The Crimean Grain Export that Violates the Sanctions   23
  The Crimean Grain Statistics   24
  The Crimean Grain Importers   24
  Roadstead Transshipment: Dissolving Crimean Grain in the Russian One   27
  The Terminals-Grain Exporters   27
  The Crimean Grain Carriers   28
  The 2018 Illegal Export of Scrap Metal from the Ports of the Occupied Crimea   30
  The Soda Ash Export   30
  The Re-export of Liquefied Gas   31
  The 2018 Import of llmenite Ore from Turkey to the Occupied Crimea   32
  The 2018 Direct Voyages from the Ports of Turkey to the Occupied Crimea   34
  Direct Voyages Between the Crimea and Black Sea Ports of NATO Member States   37
  Direct Voyages Between Ports of Crimea and Northern Cyprus and Abkhazia   38
  Maritime Traffic to Crimea from Ports of the Russian Federation   38
2. Russia’s Activities in Regard to the Seized Ukrainian Defense and Other Strategic Enterprises   40
  Russian Defense Entities that Collaborate with the Seized Crimean Ukroboronprom Enterprises   40
  The Sevastopol Defense Industry and its Russian Collaborators   46
3. Illegal Voyages to the Occupied Crimea in 2018. The Monitoring Results   56
4. Appendices to the Section The 2018 Crimea Maritime Sanctions Summary   63
  Database of Ships that in Violation of the Ukrainian Law and International Sanctions, Entered the Ports of the Occupied Crimean Peninsula Between January 1, 2018 and January 1, 2019, Appendix 1   64
  The 2018 Database of Crimean Ports Calls With Turned Off AIS by Vessels Violating the Occupied Territory Regime, Appendix 2   92
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Grain Export from Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 3   97
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Export of Scrap Metal from the Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 4   102
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Export of Soda Ash from the Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 5   104
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Re-export of Liquefied Gas from the Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 6   105
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Import of the llmenite Ore from Turkey to the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 7   106
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services from Turkish Ports to Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 8   108
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services from Ports of the Occupied Crimea to Ports of Albania, Appendix 9   113
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services Between Ports of the Occupied Crimea and Ports of Bulgaria, Appendix 10   114
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services Between Ports of the Occupied Crimea and Ports of Romania, Appendix 11   115
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services Between Ports of the Occupied Crimea and Ports of Greece, Appendix 12   116
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services Between Ports of the Occupied Crimea and Ports of Unrecognized Abkhazia, Appendix 13   117
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services Between Ports of the Occupied Crimea and Ports of Northern Cyprus, Appendix 14   118
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services from Port of Temryuk (RF) to Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 15   119
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services from Port of Novorossiysk (RF) to Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 16   121
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services from Port of Azov (RF) to Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 17   123
  The 2018 Database of Vessels and Ship Owners Engaged in Illegal Transportation Services from Port of Rostov-on-Don (RF) to Ports of the Occupied Crimea, Appendix 18   124
5. Appendices to the Section Illegal Voyages to the Occupied Crimea in 2018. The Monitoring Results   127
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Germany in 2018. Appendix 19   129
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Turkey in 2018. Appendix 20   137
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Montenegro in 2018. Appendix 21   142
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of France in 2018. Appendix 22   144
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Cyprus in 2018. Appendix 23   147
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Italy in 2018. Appendix 24   151
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Spain in 2018. Appendix 25   156
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Austria in 2018. Appendix 26   159
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Great Britain in 2018. Appendix 27   161
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Czech Republic in 2018. Appendix 28   163
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Georgia in 2018. Appendix 29   167
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Greece in 2018. Appendix 30   169
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Belgium in 2018. Appendix 31   171
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Bulgaria in 2018. Appendix 32   172
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Croatia in 2018. Appendix 33   174
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Denmark in 2018. Appendix 34   175
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Estonia in 2018. Appendix 35   177
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Finland in 2018. Appendix 36   179
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Hungary in 2018. Appendix 37   181
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later 5 Occupied Crimea: «Sanctions Violations in 2018. Monitoring Results» Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Ireland in 2018. Appendix 38   183
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Portugal in 2018. Appendix 38-1   183
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Latvia in 2018. Appendix 39   184
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Lithuania in 2018. Appendix 40   185
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Norway in 2018. Appendix 41   187
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Poland in 2018. Appendix 42   188
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Romania in 2018. Appendix 43   190
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Slovenia in 2018. Appendix 44   191
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of USA in 2018. Appendix 44-1   191
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Serbia in 2018. Appendix 45   192
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Sweden in 2018. Appendix 46   194
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Switzerland in 2018. Appendix 47   196
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Slovakia in 2018. Appendix 47-1   196
  The Database of Aircrafts That Had Flown to the Occupied Crimea ‘s Simferopol Airport and Later Performed Passengers Flights to the Airports of Moldova in 2018. Appendix 48   197
6. Appendices to the Section Russia’s Activities in Regard to the Seized Ukrainian Defense and Other Strategic Enterprises   199
  Companies Connected to the Russia-seized Enterprises of Ukroboronprom. Appendix 49   201
  Activity of the Occupation Authorities in Regard to the Concern UKROBORONPROM Enterprises Seized in Crimea, and RF Legal Entities that Collaborate with Those. Appendix 50   207
  The Proposed Sanction List of the RF Enterprises Active in the Strategic Sector in Sevastopol. Appendix 51   230
  The Activity of the Occupation Authorities in Regard to the Seized Enterprises and Defense Companies of Sevastopol, and RF Legal Entities Collaborating with Those. Appendix 52   241

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