Crimea Under Occupation


Closure of the Black Sea in October, 2020

17 November 2020
The Monitoring Group of the Institute of Black Sea Strategic Studies, BlackSeaNews and Maidan of Foreign Affairs reports about closure of the various areas of the Black Sea in October, 2020.

The Commercial Exploitation of Marine Biological Resources

25 October 2020
Prior to the occupation of Crimea, Russia harvested about 30 thousand tonnes of biological resources in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. That was the combined landings volume of the enterprises in Krasnodar Krai, Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, Volgograd Oblast, and the Republic of Adygea.

The "Trophy Economy". Militarization as a Factor of Industrial Growth

25 October 2020
As early as 4 April 2014, at an ad-hoc meeting of the Collegium of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu announced his intention to provide the industry of the occupied peninsula with state defence orders, emphasizing the importance of «using the manufacturing and technological potential of the Crimean defence industry effectively».

The Crimean Budget. Small Business. Salaries and Pensions

25 October 2020
After 2015, it became clear that the regime of international sanctions and the blockade of the occupied peninsula by mainland Ukraine made not only the economic development but also financial self-sufficiency of Crimea and Sevastopol impossible. Since then, the analysis of the budgets of Sevastopol and "the Republic of Crimea" has lost its economic sense. The basis and, at the same time, the main intrigue of the annual budgeting in Crimea are the same – the size of the subsidies from the Russian Federation.

The Banking System and Investment in Crimea: What is Really Happening on the Occupied Peninsula

20 October 2020
The state of the banking system of Crimea and the real nature of investment in the occupied territory indicates that under international sanctions Crimea by definition cannot become attractive for investors. It has been and will remain a financial burden for the budget of the occupying power.

The Crimean "Trophy Economy". The Sale of Ukrainian Property

03 October 2020
Since the first months of the annexation of Crimea, the attitude towards property rights on the occupied peninsula has been defined by the general logic of the territory seized to be used as a military base, or what we refer to as the "trophy economy". The latter is characterized not only by gross violations of the legal norms established in the civilized world but by the complete neglect thereof.

The "Trophy Economy". The Development of the Stolen Ukrainian Black Sea Shelf

02 October 2020
On 17 March 2014, Chornomornaftohaz was expropriated by the Crimean collaborators. Its offshore facilities continued to work under the round-the-clock guard by the Russian special operations forces and naval ships of the RF’s Black Sea Fleet. 

The Occupied Crimean Tourism

01 October 2020
After the occupation and ensuing militarization of the peninsula, tourism ceased to be a priority industry of ​​the Crimean economy in terms of budget and investment. Under sanctions, Crimea has become a resort for Russian tourists only. It should be kept in mind, however, that the official estimates of the current number of tourists in Crimea provided by the occupation government are merely a propaganda tool and are overstated by a factor of 2 or 3.

Occupied Crimea. Exports and Imports in 2014-2020

30 September 2020
The main imports to Crimea are ilmenite (the chemical raw material for the production of titanium dioxide at the Crimean Titan plant in Armiansk, northern Crimea) and construction materials. Part of the ilmenite is also imported through transshipment in order to circumvent sanctions.

The Replacement of the Population of Crimea: How Many Colonizers Have Actually Moved to the Peninsula

29 August 2020
It has already become well known that the main goal of the special operation to seize the Crimean peninsula in February 2014 was to restore the function of the "unsinkable aircraft carrier of the empire" in the middle of the Black Sea. The analysis of the demographic trends on the peninsula for almost seven years of the occupation will allow us to understand whether those intentions have been realized and in what way.

Back in the USSR. The Reverse Restructuring of the Crimean Economy

28 August 2020
The socio-economic situation in Crimea after the occupation and illegal annexation by the Russian Federation is characterized by a rapid return to the Soviet era, ranging from the sectoral structure of the economy to the standards of accounting and reporting and social services for the population.

New Ukrainian Sanctions: What Was Added to and What Is Missing from the List. Updated Sanctions Database

22 July 2020

The Monitoring Group of the Black Sea Institute of Strategic Studies, the Maidan of Foreign Affairs, and BlackSeaNews has analysed the list of legal entities contained in this decision and updated the general database of legal entities subject to sanctions imposed by Ukraine, the United States, and the European Union in connection with the aggression against Ukraine.


Water in Occupied Crimea: No Catastrophe. Just a 50-Year Step Backwards

27 June 2020

In recent days, the information space has once again been stirred by the situation with water supply to the occupied Crimean peninsula. For this reason, the Monitoring Group has decided to remind our readers of some basic facts and highlight some of the key points.


On Maritime Boundary Delimitation Between Ukraine and the Russian Federation

25 June 2020
The authors analyze relevant norms of the international maritime law and Ukrainian and Russian legislation in the context of delimitation of maritime boundaries, and suggest an international maritime law mechanism that could be used to delimit the maritime boundary between Ukraine and the Russian Federation.

The Real Impact of Crimean Sanctions (10-11). The Cost of the Occupation to Russia and What Awaits Crimea and Sevastopol

06 June 2020

The Monitoring group of the Black Sea Institute of Strategic Studies and BSNews presents a series of publications on the real impact of Crimean sanctions on Russia's economy: © T. GUCHAKOVA, A. KLYMENKO, O. KORBUT. The Real Impact of Crimean Sanctions. Issue 2. Translated from Ukrainian by Hanna Klymenko. Edited by Andrii Klymenko and Tetyana Guchakova. – Kyiv, 2020. – 28 p.: ill.