The Duration of Artificial Delays of Vessels in the Kerch Strait. The Monitoring for January-April 2021

Andrii KLYMENKO
Tetyana GUCHAKOVA
Olha KORBUT

The Monitoring Group of BlackSeaNews and the Black Sea Institute of Strategic Studies

The Monitoring group of the Institute for Black Sea Strategic Studies, the Maidan of Foreign Affairs and BlackSeaNews are glad to share with you the latest in a series of our monthly studies on Russia's economic war against Ukraine at the Sea of Azov.

1. In April 2021, the average duration of artificial delays of vessels going from the Black Sea to the Ukrainian ports on the Sea of Azov, Mariupol and Berdiansk, by the RF was 20.9 hours (the yearly average for 2020 was 23.5 hours), in March 2021 – 14.3 hours, in February - 21.2 hours, in January - 54 hours. See Chart.

2. In April 2021, vessels carrying exports from Mariupol and Berdiansk were delayed at the exit from the Sea of Azov by the Russian Federation for an average of 70 hours (the yearly average for 2020 was 29.6 hours), in March 2021 – 41.8 hours, in February - 54.1 hours, in January - 44.5 hours. See Chart.

Such a large difference between the duration of intentional delays of ships at the exit from the Sea of Azov (almost 3 days) and at the entrance to it (1 day) was observed for the first time. It should be noted once again that in April, vessels without cargo were delayed for 20.9 hours, and those with Ukrainian export cargo – for 70 hours.

The very long duration of delays of vessels at the exit from the Sea of Azov (compared to the waiting time at the entrance to the Sea of Azov) was recorded in the period 1-14 April 2021. See the table below.

This difference cannot be explained by weather conditions. The comparison of the duration of the delays of ships at the entrance to and the exit from the Sea of Azov in the period 1-15 April 2021 eloquently shows a selective approach to delays of ships with Ukrainian cargo by the Russian authorities controlling traffic in the Kerch Strait.

3. From 22 October 2018 to April 2021, there were no open sea detentions of vessels in the Sea of Azov on the move from/to Berdiansk and Mariupol due to the fact that the Ukrainian Navy’s boats were escorting the vessels.

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For reference: the areas where freedom of navigation was violated are marked on the map – see Figure 4.

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EEDThis publication has been produced with the support of the European Endowment for Democracy (EED). Its contents do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of EED. Responsibility for the information and views expressed in this publication lies entirely with the authors.